The old village of Himara is built up on the hill of Barbakas. That is a monument of a 2.500 years of human presence in the region of Himara. At medieval, byzantine-romanian times, there was a small,but powerful, town-castle in this place of Barbakas. The byzantine castle has got two entrance gates, the north and the south one, which were locked at the end of the day.Except for Hellenistic Walls, some important historical monuments are mentioned below:
The byzantine church of Episkopi is in the south part of Himara and is considered to be one of the most important monuments of Barbakas along with Hellenistic Walls. It consists of the main church and a second roofless residence, where two bishops lie. The main entrance of the church is decorated with two, two-headed eagles wearing Imperial Byzantine Crowns.
Archangel Michael (Michailis) church is one of the oldest churches of Barbakas and is situated in the north part of the castle, in one of the two neighbourhoods of Himara, Litzinades. The other neighbourhood is Tsaknates.
The Virgin Cassopitra church, situated in the south part of Barbakas, was built in the 18th centuty. The residents of Himara brought Our Lady’s icon, which is considered to be miraculous, from Cassiopi (Corfu) , where a church of the same name exists.
The Balili square is a small square in the centre of Barbakas. There are stone gates, mansions, humble houses and small domes in the picturesque Balili square.